The Kamakhya Temple, situated atop the Nilachal Hill in Guwahati, Assam, is a revered place of worship that draws devotees from far and wide. It is dedicated to the powerful goddess Kamakhya and serves as a symbol of ancient Indian spirituality, Shaktism, and cultural opulence. With its captivating mythology, distinctive rituals, and magnificent architecture, the temple continues to enthrall pilgrims and tourists alike.


The earliest known mention of Kamakhya can be traced back to the 9th century Tezpur plates of Vanamalavarmadeva from the Mleccha dynasty. Extensive archaeological evidence supports the existence of a grand temple dating back to the 8th and 9th centuries. According to tradition, the temple was destroyed by Kalapahar, a general of Sulaiman Karrani (1566-1572). 

The Kamakhya

The exact origins and builders of Kamakhya Temple are shrouded in myth and legend, and there is no definitive historical record. However, the oldest structures of the temple are believed to date back to ancient times, perhaps from the 8th century AD to the 10th century AD. Over the centuries, the temple underwent numerous renovations and expansions under different rulers and patrons, which contributed to the temple it is today. The splendor of architecture and its spiritual meaning.

Reconstruction of kamakhya

However, recent historical findings suggest that it was actually destroyed earlier during Hussein Shah's invasion of the Kamata kingdom in 1498, when it was under the rule of Nilambar. The ruins of the temple were reportedly discovered by Vishwasingha, the founder of the Koch dynasty, who reinstated worship at the site. However, it was his son, Naranarayan, who oversaw the completion of the temple's reconstruction in 1565.

During the reconstruction, materials from the original temples, which were scattered about, were utilized. Banerji (1925) documents that this structure was further expanded upon by the rulers of the Ahom kingdom. Over time, numerous other structures were added to the complex.

As a prominent center for Tantra worship, the Kamakhya temple draws thousands of devotees during the annual Ambubachi mela, a festival dedicated to Tantra. Additionally, the Manasha puja is celebrated annually, along with the popular Durga puja during Navaratri in the autumn. This five-day festival attracts a significant number of visitors each year.

Mythological Significance

According to legend, the Kamakhya Temple is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, where the reproductive organ or yoni of the goddess Sati fell after Lord Shiva performed the cosmic dance of destruction, known as the Tandava, while carrying her charred body. This event signifies the union of feminine and masculine energies, representing creation and destruction in Hindu mythology. The goddess Kamakhya is believed to embody fertility, desire, and female power, making her temple a significant site for seeking blessings related to these aspects.

Architecture of Kamakhya

The architectural style of the Kamakhya Temple showcases a fusion of Hindu and indigenous Assamese influences. Although the current structure is said to date back to the 17th century, the site has been a place of worship for much longer, with historical records tracing its origins to the Kamarupa kingdom in the 8th century. The temple complex consists of numerous smaller shrines and sanctuaries dedicated to various deities, all surrounding the main sanctum sanctorum where the yoni symbolizing the goddess is enshrined.

The temple's unique dome-like structure, adorned with intricate carvings and vibrant paintings, stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance of ancient artisans. The use of local materials like sandstone and wood enhances its rustic allure, while the overall layout of the complex beckons visitors to explore its hidden corners and sacred spaces.

Rituals and Festivals

One of the most fascinating aspects of the Kamakhya Temple is its association with the distinctive Tantric rituals. These rituals, rooted in ancient spiritual practices, add an aura of mystique and intrigue to the temple's ambiance. Additionally, the temple hosts various festivals throughout the year, attracting a multitude of devotees and tourists who come to witness the vibrant celebrations and immerse themselves in the spiritual fervor.

In conclusion, the Kamakhya Temple stands as a revered shrine that embodies the essence of ancient Indian spirituality, Shaktism, and cultural richness. Its mythological significance, architectural splendor, and intriguing rituals make it a captivating destination for pilgrims and tourists seeking spiritual solace

Who built kamakhya temple?

The Kamakhya Temple was created According to Sanatan Dharm, when Hindu Goddess Parvati ordered Lord Shiva to build a shrine for her. Later Naranarayan repaired the Kamakhya temple and constructed Gohain Kamal Ali.

Who is kamakhya devi?

Goddess Kamakhya also known as 'Siddha Kubjika' is a Hindu tantric goddess of desire and who originated in the Himalayan hills. She is also known as 'Kali' and 'Maha Tripura'

When built kamakhya temple?

Kamakhya temple, a Shakti Peeth, is dedicated to Goddess and Kamakhya and was built in the seventeenth century.