Ancient History– 350 To 1206 Ad In 350 Ad, The First Known Dynasty Of Assam (With Written Evidence) The Varman Dynasty Was Established 

Medieval History– 1206 To 1826 Ad In 1206, The First Muslim Invasion Of Assam By Bakhtiyar Khilji Took Place

Colonial Or Modern History- 1826 To 1947 Ad In 1826, The Yandaboo Treaty Was Signed Which Marked The Beginning Of British Rule In Assam

Pre History

Prehistoric Name Of Assam Was Pragjyotishpur Which Means “City Of Eastern Astrology”, Also Known As Kamrupa. Main Sources Of Information– Books Like Kalika Puran & Yogini Tantra

  • First Dynasty Of Assam- Danava Dynasty 
  • Second Dynasty Was Bhauma Dynasty 
  • First King Of Assam– Mahiranga Danava. Danava & Bhauma Dynasty Rulers Were Kiraats/ Non- Aryans. 
  • Danava Dynasty Rulers - Mahiranga, Hatakasur, Sambarasur, Ratnasur, Ghatakasur. 
  • Bhauma Dynasty Rulers - Narakasur, Bhagadutta, Pushpadutta, Vajradut

1. Narakasur

  • First Ruler Of Bhauma Dynasty 
  • Son Of Bhudevi(Earth) & Vishnu (Varaha Avatar) 
  • Capital Was Pragjyotishpur 
  • Built Kamakhya Temple 
  • Shree Krishna Killed Him
  • Bhagadatta Was The Son Of Narakasura 
  • Bhagadatta Fought Alongside Kauravas In Kurukshetra War, His Elephant’s Name Was Supratika

2. Banasur

  • Banasur Of Asur Dynasty Was A Contemporary Of Narakasur, King Of Sonitpur 
  • Marichi Was The Founder Of Asur Dynasty. His Daughter Usha Married Aniruddha (Gandharva Vivah) With Help Of Her Friend Chitralekha 
  • Described In “Harihar Yuddh” & “Kumar Haran” By Ananta Kandal. His Daughter Rukmini Married Sri Krishna Ø Described In Rukmini Haran Written By Shankardeva

Q.1 Who Was The First King Of Assam?

A. Hatakasur 

B. Bhagadatta

 C. Mahiranga 

D. Narakasur

Ans :- C Mahiranga .

Q.2 Which Dynasty Ruled Assam After The Danava Dynasty?

A. Bhauma 

B. Varman 

C. Asur 

Ans :- A. Bhauma.

Q.3 Who Was The Founder Of The Asur Dynasty?

Ans :- Marichi.

Ancient Assam (350-1206 Ad)

Varman Dynasty(350-650AD )

  • Ruled Kamrupa, Capital– Pragjyotishpur 
  • Scripts Used– Sanskrit And Kamrupi Prakrit
  • Evidence Of This Dynasty Found In- Allahabad Pillar Inscriptions. 
  • Harisena, Court Poet Of Samudragupta Mentions Kamrupa & Davaka As Frontier Kingdoms Under Guptas 
  • Dubi & Nidhanpur Copper Plate Inscriptions Issued By Bhaskar varman 
  • Pushya Varman–Founder Of Varman Dynasty 
  • Bhutivarman Expanded Kingdom Beyond River Karatoya & Donated Land To Brahmins. Also Known As Mahabhuti varman 
  • Sthita varman– First Kamrup Ruler To Have Coronation According To Vedic Rituals
  • Bhaskarvarman - Contemporary Of Harshavardhan
  • He Requested Silabhadra Of Nalanda University (Magadha) To Send Hiuen-Tsang To Kamrupa
  • Hiuen-Tsang Visited Kamrupa In 643 Ad, Crossing River Karatoya 
  • Wrote ‘Si-Yu-Ki’ Where He Mentions Kamrupa As 1700 Miles, Mentions Fruits Like Jackfruit And Coconut. 
  • Bhaskarvarman Gifted A Cap To Hieun Tsang Called Ho La Li 
  • Bhaskarvarman Was Unmarried Therefore Known As Kumar Bhaskarvarman And Is Considered The Last 

Q. Who Was The Last Ruler 

Ans :- Mainly Believed That Bhaskrvarman Was The Last Ruler ,But Some Also Considier Avantivarman As The Lasr Ruler But Also Consider Him To Be The Founder Of Next Dynasty Salasthambha Dynasty 

Salasthambha Dynasty(655- 900 Ad)

  • In this dynasty there was 21 Kings 
  • First King– Salasthamba 
  • Last Ruler– Tyag Singh 
  • Capital– Haruppeswar (Present Day Tezpur) 
  • They Worshipped Hetuka Sulin (Form Of Shiva) 
  • Evidence In Pashupatinath Copper Plate Inscription Of King Jayadev I
  • Balavarman Issued Nagaon Copper Plates
  • Hazzara varmana Also Known As Maharajadhiraj- 
  • Tezpur Rock Inscription & Hayunthal Copper Plate Inscriptions Belonged To Hazzaravarman’s Reign 
  • Vanamala Barman– Tezpur Copper Plate Inscription 
  • Jayamala Also Known As Virabahu 
  • Balavarman Ii Then Tyag Singha Became Last Ruler 
  • Information About Salasthambha Dynasty Is Found In Bargaon Copper Plate Of Ratnapal (Pala Dynasty Ruler

Pala Dynasty (900-1138)

  • In this dynasty there was 8 Kings 
  • Founder– Brahmapala (Elected King) 
  • Ratna Pal– Bargaon, Suwalkuchi & Choratbari Copper Plate Inscriptions 
  • Capital Of Pala Kings– Durjaya (Established By Ratnapal)
  • Indra Pala– Gauhati & Guwakuchi Copper Plate 
  • Indrapala Married Rashtrakuta Princess Rajyadevi 
  • Harshapala– Chalukya King Vikramaditya Vi Attacked During His Reign

Q.4 Which Scripting Languages Were Used During The Varman Dynasty?

Ans:- Sanskrit And Kamrupi Prakrit.

Q.5. Which Inscriptions Give Evidence Of The Varman Dynasty?

Ans:- Samudragupts Allahabad Pillar Inscriptions.

Q.6 Which Chinese Traveler Visited Kamrupa In 643 Ad?

Ans:- Hiuen-Tsang.

Medieval History Of Assam 1206- 1826 Ad

Muslim Invasions

  • By Md.Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji (First Muslim Invasion Of Assam) 
  • During Reign Of Raja Prithu Rai Of Kamata Kingdom 
  • Khilji Defeated In War With Raja Prithu (Source– Kanai Boroxibua Rock Inscription) 
  • Ghiyasuddin, Governor Of Bengal Attacked In 1227 
  • Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah, Son Of Iltutmish Killed Prithu In 1228 
  • After Prithu, Sandhya Became King 
  • Malik Ikhtiaruddin Yuzbak- 1257 (Defeated And Killed)
  • Kughril Khan- 1278 
  • Ghiyasuddin Bahadur Shah- 1321 
  • Army Sent By Md Bin Tughlaq- 1332

1. Kamata Kingdom

1. Sandhya - Sandhya Moved Kingdom From Kamrupa To Kamatapur 

2. Sindhu Rai - Durlabh Narayan Receives 2 Kayastha Families Among Whom Were Family Of Candivara (Sankardev’s Family

3. Rup Narayan - Court Poets Of Durlabh Narayan– Hem Saraswati & Harihar Bipra

 4. Singhadhwaj 

5. Pratap Dhwaj 

6. Dharma Narayan 

7. Durlabh Narayan 

8. Indranarayan

9. Sasanka                                                                                                  

2. Khen Dynasty (1440-1498 Ad)

  • Niladhwaj - Founder (1440-1460) 
  • Followed By Chakradhwaj (1460-1480) 
  • Nilambar(1480-1498)- Defeated By Alauddin Hussain Shah In 1498 And Danyal Was Made King. 
  • Danyal Was Overthrown By The Baro- Bhuyans Who Were Local Chiefs Ruling Over Small Parts. 
  • Koch Kingdom Was Then Established By Defeating The Baro- Bhuyans Defeated By Bisu Or Biswa Singhya .

2. Koch Kingdom (1515-1581 Ad)

  • Kingdom From River Karatoya To Barnadi
  • Bisu Or Biswa Singha Defeated Baro Bhuyans And Established Koch Kingdom 
  • Malla Deb Also Known As Naranarayan
  • Sukladhwaj Also Known As Chilarai 
  • Gohain Kamal- Built Gohain Kamal Ali From Koch Bihar To Narayanpur In 1547
  • Pisolar Ran With Ahoms In 1546-1547
  • Treaty Of Majuli With Ahoms In 1563 After 1562 War
  • Naranarayan Divided Kingdom Into Koch Bihar And Koch Hajo With Sankosh As Boundary In 1581.

Three Sons Of Biswa Singhya Was Was :- Malladev , Sukladhwaj Ans Gohain Kamal 

3. Other Kingdoms In Medieval Assam Chutiya Kingdom

  • First Ruler- Birpal 
  • Last- Nitipal Or Nityapal 
  • Capital– Sadiya/ Sadhyapura Annexed In 1523 To Ahom Kingdom Sati Sadhani Was Nitipal’s Wife, Who Committed Suicide
  • Chutiyas Lost To Ahoms & She Was Forced To Marry The Sadiyakhowa Gohain Worshipped Kesai-Khati

Kachari Kingdom

  • Hidimba Is Considered Ancestor 
  • Last King– Gobinda Chandra 

In 1531– Ahoms Placed Detsung As Subordinate King 1536–Ahoms Annexed Kingdom & Kacharis Went To Maibong 1564– Came Under Koch Kingdom Capital– Dimapur, Maibong, Khaspur

Q.1. Who Defeated The Khilji Forces During The First Muslim Invasion Of Assam?

Ans:- Prithu Rai.

Q.2 In Which Year Did Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah Kill Raja Prithu?

Ans:- 1228.

Q.3. Who Established The Koch Kingdom By Defeating The Baro-Bhuyans?

Ans:- Bisu Or Biswa Singha.

Q.4. Who Was Known As Naranarayan In The Koch Kingdom?

Ans:- Malla Deb.

Q. 5. Who Built The Gohain Kamal Ali From Koch Bihar To Narayanpur In 1547?

Ans:- Gohain Kamal.

Q.6. Who Was The First Ruler Of The Chutiya Kingdom?

Ans:- Birpal.

Q.7. Which Kingdom Was Annexed To The Ahom Kingdom In 1523?

Ans:- Chutiya Kingdom.

Q.8. Who Is Considered As The Ancestor Of The Kachari Kingdom?

Ans:- Hidimba.

Q.9.Court Poets Of Durlabh Narayan Were?–

Ans:- Hem Saraswati & Harihar Bipra.

Q.10. Who Was The Last King Of Kachari Kingdom?

Ans:- Gobinda Chandra.

Ahom History

Sukapha , Prince Of Mong Mao/ Maolung (Kingdom Of Pong) Started Journey in 1215 AD

  • He Belonged To Shan Tribe 
  • Reached Brahmaputra Valley In 1228 Ad Through Through Pangsau Pass In Patkai Hills 
  • Ahoms Called Assam Mungdunsukham (Valley Of Golden Gardens) 
  • 1253– Sukapha Established Capital At Charaideu 
  • Created Borgohain And Buragohain (Ministers Of Ahom Court) 
  • They Kept Records Called Chronicles Or Buranjis 
  • Ahom Priests Were Called Deodhais 
  • Died In 1268 Ad

Second Ahom King Was Suteupha Then

  1.  Subinpha 
  2. Sukhaangpha 
  3. Sukhrangpha 
  4. Sutupha 
  5. yao Khamti

Q1. In Which Year Did Sukapha Start His Journey From Mong Mao/Maolung To Assam ?

Ans:- 1215 Ad.

Q. 2. Which Tribe Did Sukapha Belong To?

Ans:- Shan.

Sudangphaa/ Bamuni Konwar(1397-1407)

Born & Brought Up In A Brahmin Family 

  • Established Capital At Chraguya 
  • First To Start Hindu Religious Practices In Ahom Court 
  • First Ahom King To Celebrate Coronation Ceremony Called “Singarigharutha Ceremony”

3. When Did Sukapha Establish His Capital At Charaideu?

Ans:- 1253 Ad.

Suhungmung/Dihingia Roja(1497-1539)

  • Established Capital At Bakata (Near The Banks Of River Dihing 
  • Took The Hindu Title ‘Swarganarayan’ 
  • First Buranji In Assamese Language Written During His Reign “Sri Sri Swarganarayan Maharajar Janmakotha” 
  • Chutia Kingdom Annexed In 1523 
  • Suhungmung Created The Post Sadiya Khowa Gohain To Look Over Chutia Kingdom 
  • First Sadiyakhowa Gohain – Phrasengmung Borgohain 
  • Saka Era Used As Official Calendar
  • First Muslim Invasion Of Ahom Kingdom Took Place In 1527 
Turbak Invasion – 1532 Ad (Turbak Was General Sent By Padshah Of Gaur) Phrasengmung Borgohain Killed In Battle With Turbak; His Wife Mulagabhoru Went To Battlefield After Her Husband’s Death And Died While Fighting Bravely . Turbak Finally Was Killed By Konseng Borpatro Gohain 

  • Suhungmung Started Post Of Borpatro Gohain In His Court. 
  • First Borpatro Gohain – Konseng Borpatro Gohain 
  • Defeated Kacharis In 1536 And Appointed Marangikhowa Gohain To Look After Kachari Kingdom 
  • Suhungmung Was Assasinated By Ratiman

4. What Were The Ahom Priests Known As?

Ans:- Deodhais.

5. Who Established The Capital At Chraguya?

Ans:- Sudangphaa/Bamuni Konwar.

6.Who Was The First Ahom King To Start Hindu Religious Practices In The Court?

Ans:- Sudangphaa/Bamuni Konwar.

Suklengmung/ Garhgaya Raja(1539-1552)

  • Capital- Garhgaon 
  • Pisolar Ran With Koch (1547)- First Ahom-Koch War (Ahoms Won) 
  • Coin Introduced– Octagonal

Sukhaampha/ Khoraraja(1552-1603)

  • 51 Years Reign (Longest Ruling Ahom King) 
  • Koch Defeat Ahoms And Treaty Of Majuli With Naranarayan (1563)

Susengphaa/Pratap Singha/ Burhaa Raja/ Buddhi Swarganarayan/ Gajapati(1603-1641)

  • Paik And Posa System Introduced 
  • First Durga Puja With Idols (At Bhatiapara)
  • Used Assamese Language As Official Language Paik System Under Baruah– 10000      
  • Married Koch Princess Mangaldahi    
  • First Ahom- Mughal War Occurred In 1615 
  • Treaty Of Asurar Ali 1639 With Mughals 
  • Created Barbarua And Borphukan Posts 
  • First Borphukan- Langi Panisiya Borphukan 
  • First Barbarua – Momai Tamuli Borbarua     

Sutamla/Jayadhwaj Singha/ Bhagania Raja/ Xarania Raja(1648- 1663)

  • Auniati And Dakhinpat Satra Established 
  • Mir Jumla Invasion In 1662; Occupied Gargaon/ Jayadhwaj Singha
  • Fled To Namrup 
  • Treaty Of Ghilajharighat With Mir Jumla 1663 / Jayadhwaj Singha’s 
  • Daughter, Ramani Gabhoru And A Tipam Princess Was Given To Mughals 
  • Ramani Gabhoru Married To Aurangzeb’s Son Azamshah & Renames Rahmat Banu Begum

Supangmung/ Chakradhwaj Singha (1663-1670)

Battle Of Alaboi - In 1669 Sam Singh (Mughal Side) Vs Atan Buragohain & Lachit Borphukan (Ahom Side). Almost 10,000 Assamese Soldiers Died

  1. Appointed Lachit As Borphukon 
  2. Lachit Captured Guwahati In 1667 
  3. Ram Sngh Sent By Aurangzeb To Recapture Guwahati 
  4. Chakradhwaj Singhya Died 1669 .

Sunyatpha/ Udayaditya Singha (1670-1673)

Battle Of Saraighat - In 1671 Mughals Were Defeated Ahom Soldiers Under Prime Minister Atan Buragohain & Senapati Lachit Borphukan. Ahoms Expanded Their Territory Upto River Manas 

1673 To 1681- Period Of Unrest, Weak Kings And Corrupt Ministers (1673-1681) 7 Kings Murdered In 11 Years

1. Ramdhwaj Singha 

  • Barbaruah Named Debera Was One Of Chief Conspirators. 
  • Atan Buragohain Was A Very Efficient Minister Who Ended Debera’s Tyranny.
  • Atan Buragohain Rejected The Offer Of Becoming King Twice As He Was Not Of Royal Origin. 
  • Laluksola Borphukan ( He Invites Mughals ) (Brother Of Lachit Buragohain & Son Of Momai Tamuli Borbora) Was A Traitor Who Sold Guahati To Mughalsn
  • In 1679 Guahati Was Captured By Azamshah 
  • Sulikpha Or Lora Raja Mutilated & Killed A Lot Of Ahom Princes On Advice Of Laluksola.

2. Supaatpha/ Gadadhar Singha(1681-1696)

  • Gadapani Hid From Loraraja & Finally Became King By Disposing Off Lora Raja 
  • He Belonged To The Tungkhungia Clan 
  • His Wife Joymoti Tortured & Killed By Lora Raja For Not Revealing Gadapani’s Whereabouts
  • He Established Capital At Barkola 

Battle Of Itakhuli - In 1682 the final Battle With Mughals

3. Shiva Singha/ Sutanpha (1714-1744)

  • Gave Throne To Wife Phuleswari Devi (Or Pramateshwari Devi) Who Was Called Bar Raja. 
  • Phuleswari Devi Ignited The Moamaria Rebellion By Humiliating Moamoria Gosain and then Made Ambika (Or Draupadi) Queen 
  • After Ambika Enadori (Or Sarbeswari) Was Made Queen
  • Shiv Dol Was Built By Ambika
  • Full Fledged Hinduism Practised During His Reigh (Ahom Priests Called Deodhais And Bailungs Opposed) 
  • Sukumar Borkaith Wrote Hasthividyarnava During His Patronage

3. Pramatta Singha/ Sunenpha(1744- 1751)

Rebuilt Rangghar In The Present Form

4. Rajeswar Singha/ Surempha (1751- 1769)

  • Left Affairs Of State To Kirti Chandra Barbarua 
  • Kirti Chandra Was The One Who Burnt A Lot Of Buranjis 
  • Helped Jai Singh Against Burmese (Lata Kata Ran) 
  • Married Manipuri Princess Kuranganayani(Jai Singh’s Daughter) 
  • Built Navagraha Temple, Basistha Temple, 4 Stories Of Talatal Ghar

5. Lakshmi Singha/ Suneopha(1769-1780)

  • First Moamaria Rebellion 1769 
  • Nahor Khora And Ragha Moran Mercilessly Beaten By Kirti Ch. Borborua 
  • Captured Laxmi Singha And Killed Kcb
  • Ramakanta Became King Ragha Became Borboruah 
  • On April 14 1770 A Husori Party Killed Ragha And Ramakanta Fled But Later He Was Also Killed. 
  • Laxmi Singha Was Reinstated As The King 
  • He Ordered Mass Killing Of Moamorians.

6. Gaurinath Singha/ Suhitpungpha (1780-1795)

  • Second Moamoria Rebellion 1782 
  • Third Moamoria Rebellion In1786 
Gaurinath Capital Shifted To Jorhat :- Last Ahom Capital 

  • Purnananda Buragohain, A Very Efficient Man Was Made Prime Minister 

In 1792 - Captain Thomas Welch Sent By Gov Gen Cornwallis With 550 Men Defeated Moamorias 

In 1794 - British Forces Reinstated Gaurinath Singha

7. Kamaleswar Singha / Suklingpha (1795-1810)

  • During His Reign, Haradutta And Birdutta Choudhury Revolted In Kamrup 
  • Koliabhumura Borphukan Suppressed Dundiya Droh So Given The Title “Pratap Ballav”

8. Chandrakanta Singha/(1810-1819)

  • Badan Ch Borphukan Became Borphukan Of Kamrup 
  • First Burmese Invasion-- 1817 
  • Ahoms Were Defeated At Ghiladhari
  • Chandrakanta Singha Made Puppet King And Badan Barphukan Made Mantri Phukan 
  • Ahom Princess, Hemo Aidew Gifted To King Of Ava 

After Burmese Left Badan Ch Was Assassinated By Rup Singh Subedar & Purandar Singha Made King By Purnananda Buragoahin’s Son Ruchinath Buragohain. So Burmese Attacked Again

9. Purander Singha (1818-1819)

  • Second Burmese Invasion- 1819 
  • Purandar Fled To Guwahati And Chandrakanta Was Reinstated As The King By Burmese. 
  • Patlang Made As Borborua 

Things Became Tense Between Tense With Burmese Again So Chandrakanta Fled To Ghy And Then To Bengal. After That Burmese Made Jogesgwar Singha A Puppet King In 1821

  1. Start Of Burmese Rule In Assam
  2. Period Of Devartation 
  3. Roads Become Red With Blood 
  4. Very Tough Time For Assamese People 
  5. Ahoms Kings Fled From Assam 
  6. Britishers Emerged As A Savior Of Assamese 
  7. 1st British - Aug - - Drivi 10- Burmese - War (1824-1826)
  8. In 1823, David Scott Was Appointed As - The Agent To The Governor - - Generat , He Was Also Commissioner Of Rangpur - .
  9. War Declared Against Burmese In – 1829
  10. In 1826 Burmese Surrendered Against British 
  11. On 24th February 1826 Treaty Of Yandaboo Signed

Treaty Of Yandaboo

  • 24th February 1826 End Of Burmese Rule In Assam 
  • Treaty Recognized Gombhir Singh As The King Of Manipur 
  • But Regarding Assam ,Cachar Ans Sayantia ,Nothing Was Mentioned As To Who Will Rule Them 
  • Power Came To British Hands 
  • Davisd Scoot Prposed To Restore Assam To Aahom King 
  • This Proposal Was Not Accepted .
  • David Scoot Submitted A Fresh Proposal In 1828 
  • Relation Of Lower Assam Upto Bishwanath 
  • Accepted By British 
  • Handover Upper Assam To Aassam Prince 
  • Rejected By British 
  • Lower Assam Annexed In 1828 

Restoration Of Ahom Rule

  • Decided By William Bentick In 1832 
  • Purandar Singhya Vs Chandrakanta Singhya 
  • Chosen By British To Be Made King 
  • Last Ahom King 
  • In 1833 Purandar Singhyas Kingdoms Reduced To Jorhat Region Only 
  • Francis Jenkins Report 1834 
  • Heavily Intinsised Purandar Singhya 
  • Accused Him Of Mal Administration 
  • As Per Report In 1838 Upper Assam Was Permanently Annexed By The East India Company  
  • Lower Assam :- 1828 
  • Upper Asam :- 1838 
  • 600 Years Of Ahom Rule Officially Ends Here .

First Revolt Against TheBritish

  • Gomdhar Konwar And Dhonjoy Borgohain  
  • Peoli Phukon And Jeoram Dhulia Baua Hanged At Sibsagar Tank In August 1830 

Modern History Of Assam (1826- 1947)

Treaty Of Yandaboo– 1826 (Between Sir Archibald Campbell (British Side) And Maha Minhla Kyaw Htin(Burmese Side) 

David Scott – First British Commissioner Of Assam 

  • 1828 British Annexed Lower Assam (Upto Biswanath) 
  • August,1830– Peoli Phukan And Jeuram Duliabaruah Hanged In Sibsagar.

 In 1826 - British Annexation of Lower Assam 

In 1838 - Upper Assam Was Annexed By British.

In 1833 - Purandar Singha Installed As Puppet King Of Upper Assam By The Treaty Of Guwahati Signed On 2nd March, 1833

In 1836 - Bengali Made Official Language Of Assam. (1873 Assamese Again Made Official Language)

 In 1837 - Tea Was Manufactured (Tea Was Discovered In 1823 By Robert Bruce)

In 1839 - Assam Tea Company Established

In 1858 - Maniram Dewan Hanged Publicly With Peoli Baruah On 26th February in Jorhat For Conspiracy Against British. 

In 1861 - Phulaguri Dhawa Or Phulaguri Uprising (First Peasant Uprising Of Assam) 

Peasants Revolted Due To Ban On Opium Cultivation & News Of Imposing Tax On Tamul Pan/ Lt. Singer Was Killed By Protesters. Assam Province Separated From Bengal In 1874 (Assamese Language Reimposed) & Made Chief Commissioners Province 

First Chief Commissioner - Richard Harte Keating 

In 1886 - First Assamese To Join Indian National Congress, Nabin Chandra Bordoloi

 In 1889 - Oil Excavation In Digboi 

In 1901 - Asia’s First Oil Refinery In Digboi 

Assam Riots 1893 In Rangia, In 1894 Lachima Due To Increase In Land Revenue and Pathagurat Revolt of Assam’s Jallianwala Bagh

Growth Of Nationalism In Assam

1. Jorhat Sarvajanik Sabha - 1884 By Jagannath Barooah (Founder Secretary); Founder President was Raja Naranarayan Sinha 

2. Tezpur Rayat Sabha - 1884 By Haribilas Agarwala

3. Nagaon Rayat Sabha - In 1886 was found

4. All Assam Rayat Sabha - 1933 By Nabin Ch Bordoloi V Assam Association, Founded In 1903 By Manik Ch. Baruah 

5. First Session In 1905 In Dibrugarh With Raja Prabhat Ch. Baruah (President), Jagannath Barooah (Vice President), Manik Ch. Baruah(Gen Secy) 

6. Ambikagiri Raichoudhury Founded - Seva Sangh ( During Swadeshi Movement) Asom Sangrakshini Sangrakshini Sabha, Axom Jatiyo Mahasabha 

In 1916 - Assam Satra Sanmilan Founded By Lakshminath Bezbaruah

Assam Provincial Congress (Apc) Formed In 1921 When Mahatma Gandhi Visited For First Time 

First President Of Apc (Elected) – Kuladhar Chaliha Ü First President Of Apc (Selected) – Chabilal Upadhyay 

First Secretary Of Apc – Nabin Ch. Bordoloi 

In 1921– First National School Of Assam– Tilak Memorial School In Guwahati 

In 1921/1926/ 1934/ 1946– 4 Times Mahatma Gandhi Visited Assam. 

In 1921– Mongri Or Malati Mem Became First Female Martyr Of Assam 

In 1926 - 41st Session Of Inc Held In Pandu, Guwahati, Presided By Srinivasa Iyengar 

Opening Song Of 41st Session– Aji Bondo Ki Sondere By Ambikagiri Raichoudhury

In 1927 - O Mur Apunar Desh Adopted As Jatiyo Sangeet. 

Leeladhar Baruah– Assamese To Take Part In Dandi March Along With Mahatma Gandhi 

In 1930- First Round Table Conference Where Chandradhar Barua Participated 

In Sept, 20, 1942 Kanaklata Barua, Mukunda Kakoti Shot In Gohpur During Quit India Movement.

  • Mrityu Bahini (Suicide Squad) Formed By Pushpalata Das
  • Kushal Konwar Hanged In Jorhat Jail In 15 June, 1943 Accused Of Derailment In Sarupathar, Golaghat.C
Coalition Govt. Was Formed By Sir Syed Muhammad Saadullah In 1937 (Provincial Elections Were Held For The First Time In India In 1937. Sir Saadullah Was The First Prime Minister Of Assam In British India. He Was a Member Of The Drafting Committee Of Indian Constitution. Then Indian National Congress (Assam Provincial Congress)Formed Govt In 1938 By Gopinath Bordoloi 

  • Again Sir Saadullah Came To Power In 1939 And Resigned In 1941
  • Again From 1942- 1946 Sadullah 
  • Then From 1946-47--1950– Gopinath Bordoloi 

Gopinath Bordoloi Was First Chief Minister Of Assam After Independence. Gopinath Bordoloi Awarded Bharat Ratna Posthumously. In 1999 Lokapriya Title Given By Then Governor Jayram Das Daulatram

In Which Year Was The Treaty Of Yandaboo Signed ?


Who Was The First British Commissioner Of Assam ?

David Scott

Which Year Did The British Annex Lower Assam ?